Chana is often cooked whole for breakfast and is processed into flour (besan). Most Indian curries are fried in vegetable oil. Vegetable oil too, is of different varieties. In North India, groundnut oil is traditionally been most popular for frying, while in Eastern India, Mustard oil is more commonly used. In South India, coconut oil is common. In recent decades, sunflower oil and soybean oil have gained popularity all over India. Hydrogenated vegetable oil, known as Vanaspati ghee, is also a popular cooking medium. Spices form the most important part of the flavor of the Indian cuisine. The most important spices in Indian cuisine are chilli pepper, black mustard seed (rai), cumin (jeera), turmeric, fenugreek, ginger, coriander and asafoetida (hing). Garam masala is a very important spice and is a powder of five or more dried spices, commonly comprised of cardamom, cinnamon and clove. Some commonly used leaves are tejpata (malabathrum), bay leaf, coriander leaf, and mint leaf which adds to the zing of any tasty recipe. The common use of curry leaves is typical of South Indian cuisine. Cardamom, cinnamon, nutmeg, saffron, and rose petal essences are some exclusive and costly spices usually used in sweet dishes.
Some common North Indian foods such as the various kebabs and most of the meat dishes originated with Muslims advent into the country. The countries known as Pakistan and Bangladesh were a part of North and East India prior to the partition of India. As a result, the cuisines in these countries are very similar to northern and eastern Indian cuisine. South Indian. Main article: South Indian cuisine. South Indian cuisine is distinguished by a greater emphasis on rice as the staple grain, the liberal use of coconut and curry leaves particularly coconut oil, and the ubiquity of sambar and rasam (also called saaru) at meals. South Indian cooking is even more vegetarian-friendly than north Indian cooking. The practice of naivedya, or ritual offerings, to Krishna at the Krishna Mutt temple in Udupi, Karnataka, has led to the Udupi style of vegetarian cooking. The variety of dishes which must be offered to Krishna forced the cooks of the temple to innovate. Traditional cooking in Udupi Ashtamatha is characterized by the use of local seasonal ingredients. Garam masala is generally avoided in South Indian cuisine.
The Bamar (comprising 9 different ethnic groups) were the last ethnic group to arrive in areas that were long before their appearance already inhabited by Pyu (Arakanese), Mon, Kachin, Kayah, Shan, Chin and (with the exception of the Mon) their many subgroups. What these ethnic groups have contributed to what is called 'Burmese' cuisine is evident for their traditional cuisines exist and it can be assumed that they have remained basically the same to this day. But what and where is the Bamar cuisine? In other words, while it is proven beyond any reasonable doubt that the Pyu, Mon, Shan, etc. have made major contributions to the 'Burmese' cuisine it is completely unclear what the Bamars'/Burmans' (note, not Burmese) contribution is. To me it seems the Bamar have adopted the cuisines that already existed and made it their own by simply 'burmanising' the original names and calling the whole thing 'Burmese' cuisine. Surely, the Bamar must have eaten something and, subsequently, there must have been some traditional Bamar (note, not Burmese!) recipes/dishes they have brought with them from where they came from.
Ampoule Monday , April 16th , 2018 - 21:11:04 PM
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